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Multinational label. Label Code: LC 5661 / LC 05661. Label Code LC 11945 belongs to label Rough Trade Records UK Ltd.
Rough Trade was started by Geoff Travis in 1976 as a London record-shop and began releasing as an independent label in 1978. They quickly grew as a label and an independent distributor during the 1980s, collaborating with labels such as 4AD, Factory Records and One Little Indian to name a few. Note: please use Rough Trade (3) for 'Exclusive Retailer' credits on editions pressed for Rough Trade Shops and roughtrade.com.
• Catalog numbering used by the first incarnation of the label:
Singles/EPs were numbered sequentially (001–247) with following prefixes: RT###: 7" singles, early 12" singles and some 10" singles RTT###: later 12" singles and some 10" singles RTT###CD: CD singles RTM###: 12" EPs/mini-albums There were also five early 7" singles numbered RTSO1 through RTSO5. These are all by the group Spizz Oil and related projects.
Albums: ROUGH###: numbered sequentially (1–159), with extensions such as CD, MC, etc. for different formats RUFCD####: used only for four CD releases in 1989, numbered sequentially (6001-6004) COPY###: used for some early cassette releases issued under the label name Rough Tapes, numbered sequentially (001–???)
After overstretching on the US market the label/distribution group ran into financial difficulty around 1990. The US branch was shut down and the German branch ended up in the Zomba Music Group where the name was eventually abandoned. In the UK One Little Indian provided financing and took over the label with original owner Geoff Travis initially in charge, but he soon left to start the Trade 2 label with Island Records. A result of this arrangement One Little Indian has retained ownership of some key catalogue releases, such as the early A.R. Kane albums. Dave Boyd was the label manager
• Catalog numbering used by the second incarnation of the label:
R###x: numbered sequentially (starting around 250) with x indicating format (0 = 12", 1 = LP, 2 = CD, 3 = CD Single, 4 = Cassette, 5 = mini-album, 6 = CD mini-album, 7 = 7" single, 8 = double LP) 45REV##: singles club 7" series, numbered sequentially (01-??)
Finally, Geoff Travis regained control of the Rough Trade label name around 1999–2000 and re-launched the label alongside Tugboat Records.
• Catalog numbering being used by the third incarnation of the label:
RTRADES###: 7" singles, 12" singles & vinyl EPs RTRADESCD###[X]: CD singles & CDEPs - 'X' is appended when two versions of the single are released RTRADESDVD###: DVD singles RTRADELP###: vinyl LP albums RTRADECD###: CD albums
On some releases, the E in RTRADE is missing, leaving RTRAD as the prefix.
In July 2001, Sanctuary Records joined forces with Rough Trade, including its imprint Tugboat. The relationship with Sanctuary was intended to support Rough Trade's growth plans by enabling the label to utilise the well-established Sanctuary infrastructure with a particular emphasis on the international sector.
In July 2007, a struggling Sanctuary announced, as part of its preamble to being bought by Universal, the sale of its 49% interest in the loss-making Rough Trade for a cash sum of £800,000 to the Beggars Group. Rough Trade continues to operate from its Golborne Road offices in London, with Beggars assuming central office functions. The Rough Trade specialist retail chain did not figure in the deal.
Rough Trade Records is an independent record label based in London, England. It was formed in 1976 by Geoff Travis who had opened a record store off Ladbroke Grove. It is currently run by co-managing directors Travis and Jeannette Lee and is affiliated to Beggars Group. Having successfully promoted and sold records by punk rock and early post-punk and indie pop bands such as the Normal and Desperate Bicycles, Travis began to manage acts and distribute bands such as Scritti Politti and began the label, which was informed by left-wing politics and structured as a co-operative. Label activities began in 1978. Soon after, Rough Trade also set up a distribution arm that serviced independent retail outlets across Britain, a network that became known as the Cartel. In 1983, Rough Trade signed the Smiths.Interest and investment of major labels in the UK indie scene in the late 1980s, as well as overtrading on behalf of Rough Trade's distribution wing, led to cash flow problems, and eventually to bankruptcy, forcing the label into receivership. However, Travis resurrected the label in the late 1990s partnering with Lee, finding success with the Libertines, the Strokes, Antony and the Johnsons and more. The roster is diverse, with Sleaford Mods, Dean Blunt, black midi, Jarvis Cocker, Special Interest, Jockstrap and Lankum among those signed to the label, which has ranged stylistically through alternative rock, post-punk and new wave, garage rock, and psychedelic rock, but also art pop, folk, electronic, and soul.